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HomeIslamic Faith PrinciplesThe Content And Lineup Of The Qur'an

The Content And Lineup Of The Qur’an

The Qur’an has 604 pages. It is additionally divided into 30 equal sections, called juz’. Each juz’ has 20 pages.

The Holy Qur’an contains 114 suras (chapters). The names and order of the surahs were determined by Allah’s notification to the prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessing be upon him).[1]

The chapters in the Qur’an are divided into two according to the city in which they were revealed. The suras that were revealed when Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was in Mecca are called Meccan Suras while Suras revealed while in he was in Madinah are called Medinan suras. In general, the Meccan suras aim to create a moral consciousness in people with the issues of the hereafter such as the unity of Allah, his power, the hereafter, the resurrection, and the reward of deeds. For example: “Have you seen the one who denies the final Judgment? That is the one who repulses the orphan, and does not encourage the feeding of the poor.” [2]

Medinan suras Focuses mainly, besides the main topics included in the Meccan suras, about worship and treatment (subjects other than worship in Islamic law). The process of both arranging and systematizing the practical aspect of religion and creating the political and legal structure begun in order the Muslim community to be formed in Medina. For example: “O believers! Fasting is prescribed for you—as it was for those before you—so perhaps you will become mindful of Allah. Fast a prescribed number of days. But whoever of you is ill or on a journey, then let them fast an equal number of days after Ramaḍân. For those who can only fast with extreme difficulty, compensation can be made by feeding a needy person for every day not fasted. But whoever volunteers to give more, it is better for them. And to fast is better for you, if only you knew.[3]

The topics mentioned in the Qur’an are generally as follows: worship[4], faith[5], stories about prophets[6], Allah’s orders and prohibitions[7], events that happened to past nations and their reasons[8], moral rules[9], information about the concept of belief[10], divine books[11], creation, death[12], The Resurrection[13], afterlife and prayer[14].

The Qur’an is a book that aims to create a culture of coexistence with other people for the happiness of both this world and the hereafter: “Yet there are others who say, “Our Lord! Grant us the good of this world and the Hereafter, and protect us from the torment of the Fire. It is they who will receive a heavenly reward for the good they have done. Surely Allah is swift in reckoning.”[15]Therefore in Qur’an, marriage [16], divorce [17], inheritance law[18], parental right[19],  laws of war [20], debt[21], business ethics[22] and the stories of the prophets[23] are mentioned with their examples and analogies.

Along with all these, the most regular and frequent repetitions in the Qur’an are about Allah’s introduction of himself with his names and attributes. “Knowing Allah”, which is the primary purpose of human creation, has certainly found its place in every page of the Qur’an.


[1] Sahih Al-Muslim, The Book of Prayer – Travellers,804;Al-Bukhari, 17/1;21/1; Fadail Al-Qur’an,6
[2] Al-Mau’n,1-3
[3] Al-Baqarah, 183-184
[4] Al-Hijr,99
[5] Al-An ‘am, 102-103
[6] Al-Ahzab,21
[7] Al- Baqarah,83
[8] Ali-Imaran, 137
[9] Al-Ahzab, 70
[10] Al-Baqarah,186
[11] Al-Mai’dah, 44
[12] At-Taghabun,3
[13] Al-Baqarah, 174
[14] Al-Mu’minun,60
[15] Al-Baqarah,201-202
[16] Al-Baqarah,221
[17] Al-Baqarah,227
[18] An-Nisa,11
[19] An-Nisa,36
[20] Al-Hajj,39
[21] Al-Baqarah,280
[22] Al-Baqarah,195
[23] Al-Ahzab,21

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